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Monday, May 29, 2017

Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance in Toddlers: Vomiting is rarely happened

If your baby have gotten diarrhea that caused red, raw bottom, you might want to take your baby to your pediatrician immediately to check if your baby was suffered from lactose intolerance. Lactose intolerance symptoms are varied, but the symptoms of lactose intolerance in toddlers vomiting is not one of common symptoms. The common symptoms are related to gastrointestinal such as bloating, diarrhea, and gas. The symptoms usually occur soon after drinking milk or dairy products. Proper diagnosis is important, so that your baby can get the best treatment for his or her condition.

What is lactose intolerance?

Lactose intolerance is a condition when our body is not able to break down lactose, the main sugar in milk or dairy products. All milk produced by mammals, including humans, contain lactose. Lactose is necessary because it supplies 40% energy for baby during his or her first months of life and it helps baby to absorb more calcium and iron which are needed for bones and blood cells growth and development.
In normal condition, the body will produce enzyme lactase to break down lactose into galactose which is needed for brain and nerve tissue development. Enzyme lactase is produced in small intestines.
In lactose intolerance case, the body doesn’t produce enough enzyme lactase to break down lactose into glucose and galactose. So, there are too many undigested lactose in the intestinal which lure bacteria to come into intestinal to consume the undigested lactose. All of these cause diarrhea and gas and finally lead to red, raw bottom because of acidic feces.

Signs and symptoms

Lactose intolerance in toddlers vomiting is not included in the common signs and symptoms, though there is probability it is happened on baby. The common signs and symptoms of lactose intolerance include:
·         Excessive bowel movement
·         Watery stool
·         Diarrhea
·         Swelling tummy
·         Excessive gas
·         Cramps
·         Weight loss
·         Red bottom because of acidic feces
·         Vomiting (rarely happened)

Undigested lactose leads to osmosis process which draw fluids to bowel. That is why, baby will have watery stool when defecating. Bacteria which come to bowel consume the undigested lactose and produce the excessive abdominal gas. Since only small amount of lactose that are broken down into glucose and galactose, the energy source for baby will be insufficient. Baby’s body will compensate the lack of energy by using body’s fats as the energy source. Thus, baby will lose his or her body weight.

Types of lactose intolerance

·         Primary lactose intolerance. This is a condition when baby’s body doesn’t have capability to break down lactose since birth. The signs and symptoms such as weight loss, diarrhea, and dehydration will be shown since the first days of baby’s life.
·         Secondary lactose intolerance. This condition is usually only temporary because of gastroenteritis, stomach bug, bowel infection, or tummy upset. This illness cause inflammation in small intestines that disturb the production of enzyme lactase. Once the illness is cured, the enzyme lactase production will be back to normal. Secondary lactose intolerance usually lasts for few weeks depending on the illness.
·         Acquired lactose intolerance. This type usually occur in people who don’t usually drink milk since they are baby. That is why, this type of lactose intolerance is not occurred until late adolescent.

Lactose intolerance diagnose

To diagnose if a baby is suffered from lactose intolerance, a physician should run several tests such as:
·         Hydrogen breathe test. The undigested lactose will cause hydrogen level in breathe to be increased.
·         Stool acidity test. The undigested lactose will also cause feces more acidic.
·         Lactose intolerance test. This test will measure the blood sugar level after drinking a lot of milk. If the blood sugar level doesn’t increase, it means the lactose from milk is not digested into blood sugar components which are glucose and galactose.

How to treat lactose intolerance

·         For primary lactose intolerance, modifying diet might be the best treatment for baby. However, you should consult your pediatrician, physician, or dietitian before you do something to your baby.
·         For secondary lactose intolerance, treating the main illness is what pediatricians or physicians would do. Once the main illness is relieved, so is lactose intolerance. You can continue breastfeeding your baby in this condition. Weaning is not recommended because your baby still needs your breastmilk which contains essential nutrients for their growth and development. Besides, your baby needs more time to adjust with the amount of lactose. Once adjusted, your baby will produce more enzyme lactase to digest lactose in breastmilk. 

There are many baby’s formula which have been designed to be low-lactose or lactose-free. There are also lactose enzyme supplement that can help the natural enzyme lactose break down lactose. You can buy this supplement in pharmacies. However, before you do all of these, you should ask permission from your pediatrician or physician. In conclusion, don’t ever assume the symptom of lactose intolerance in toddler vomiting is included in main signs and symptoms.

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